As she approaches, he says to her, "Give me a drink." She is shocked. A Jew, a man, asking her a Samaritan woman for a drink. This is against all social customs of the day. Jews and Samaritans did not associate with each other. There were centuries of enmity between these ethnic groups. Further, a man did not speak to a woman in public. To ask a Samaritan woman for a drink by a Jewish man was just not done.
However, Jesus does not let this social barrier continue to distance her from Him. Instead He tells her if she knew who it was that asked her for a drink, she would ask Him for living water and she would never thirst again. This is too much for her, and she asks if He thinks He is greater than Jacob, who dug this well and is the father of her people. Jesus answers that whoever drinks from this well will thirst again; the water He gives to people, they will never thirst again. She says, "Give me this water," and Jesus says, "Go get your husband." The truth of why she is outcast comes out. She has no husband currently. Jesus says, "Yes, this is true now, but you have had five husbands, and the man you are currently living with is not your husband." She says this is true; you must be a prophet, but what about the place of worship for Jews and Samaritans, who is correct? She changes the subject from personal issues to general issues concerning different practices of worship between Jews and Samaritans. Let's quit talking about me.
Jesus says the place of worship is meaningless; because God is Spirit, He must be worshiped in Spirit and in Truth. Salvation is from the Jews, but the time is coming when all will worship God in Spirit and Truth. She again changes the subject; she knows Messiah is coming and will reveal the truth of all things. She can trust what He has to say. To this Jesus tells her, "I am He." Excited, she runs to town to call everyone to come see for themselves if this be the Messiah. They come and find that, yes, this is the Savior of the World.
A hot day. Going to do a routine task at a lonely time. She encounters Jesus. The Samaritan woman's life is changed and the lives of the entire town. Encountering Jesus, He gives living water. Refreshment for the soul. No ethnic barriers. No barriers of gender. No barriers of moral habits. Jesus has life-giving water to any who will receive. Are you thirsty? Come to the one who can meet your thirst by supplying living water.